As we all know, a solar power fence charger is a compact-size device that provides a steady flow of electric current to the fence. And that harmlessly creates a perceptible electric shock to prevent animals’ attempts to cross it. That’s why most animal firms and big property owners buy this device to protect their livestock. And the most common question they ask is how to hook up a solar fence charger.
Usually, it is very easy to hook up or install a solar power fence charger and it only takes a few minutes in total. You will have to set it with an earth stake that is inserted into the ground and then you need to attach the fence lead sets to the charger. That’s it.
If you are new with a device like a solar power charger the one-line instruction must be gone over your head, right? Don’t worry, I am actually writing this to explain the whole process so that you can easily hook up the solar power fence energizer by yourself. But first, it is essential to learn how this device works. So, let’s learn it before we get detailed instructions on installing a solar fence charger.
How Does a Solar Power Fence Charge Work?
Usually, a solar power fence charger or energizer works by capturing energies from sunlight to generate electricity and supply it to an electric fence. The charger consists of a small solar photovoltaic panel, a battery, and an energizer. Here the PV panel simply captures sunlight and then converts the solar energy into electrical energy.
The function of the battery is to store those electric energies to ensure continuous supply to the fence. Generally, a solar power fence charge has a rechargeable battery that can only be charged with solar energy. So, in the daytime, when the sun is there in the sky, the battery is charged continuously. Here, the battery works as a reservoir that simply accumulates the energy for later use.
However, the battery supplies the stored energy to the grounded Energizer unit which is the third important part of the device. Generally, the Energizer generates the electric pulses from the electric energy that it gets from the battery. Then it transmits the pulses through the fence wires. As a result, the electric pulses create a sensation of electric shock when someone touches the wire.
The solar panel continuously charges the battery during daylight hours capturing solar energy from the sunlight. This ensures that the battery remains sufficiently powered and it can supply energy to the Energizer. Now, you must be thinking about what happens when it is night and there is no sunlight.
Well, the battery can store enough solar energy to supply sufficient electric energy at night and even for a few days to a few weeks. So, if it is winter and there is almost no sun for one or two weeks, there is nothing to worry about, especially if you bought a high-quality solar power fence energizer.
How to Hook Up a Solar Power Fence Charger?
Now, let’s come to the point where we were, about how to hook up a solar power fence charger. First, let me assure you that the entire process is very easy, and even if you are a beginner there is no need to think much. It doesn’t even require any prior experience to work with a similar device. And if you have all the equipment ready, you can hook up the charger within a few minutes.
Here, I’ve divided the entire process into six easy steps so that you can understand them very well. So, make sure to follow the steps sequentially so that you won’t pass over one without completing it.
Step 1: Select the Place to Hook the Charger Up
Choosing a suitable location for installing the solar power fence charger is most crucial in this case. You need to make sure that the charger can get proper sunlight and that there is nothing around it to create a shadow. Ideally, it should be located in the middle place of the fence.
So, chance a spot with good sunlight exposure throughout the day in the middle area of the fence. Also, make sure to select a sturdy and easily accessible location near the fence line.
Step 2: Gather All the Equipment
Once you have selected the location, it’s time to collect all the necessary equipment for installing the device. Usually, you need to gather the solar power fence charger, the fence lead set, an earth stake, a voltmeter, and the tools-kit box.
You can check out the user manual of the device to learn if you need anything else. You will most probably get the fence lead set with the charger. But not all the brands offer an earth stake with it. So, you may have to buy one additional one to hook up the charger.
Step 3: Insert the Earth Stake into the Ground
Now, you need to insert the earth stake and for that, you have to choose a location near the place where you want to hook up the charger. The earth stake is a long metal rod that will work as the grounding point for the charger. You should insert it deep enough to ensure good electrical contact with the earth.
Here, you need to leave at least 8 to 10 inches of the upper part of the stake over the ground. Now, bring out a mallet or a hammer from your toolkit box as you will need it to insert the stake in the ground. Then, use it to drive the earth stake into the ground until only a few inches remain above the surface. Be careful while using the hammer and don’t hurt your hand.
Step 4: Screw the Energizer onto the Stake
When the earth stake is inserted, you have to screw the charger onto it. As we all know, the energizer unit or the charger is the main component of the solar power fence charger. However, you will find a mounting bracket or a built-in hook in its back. Now, you need to align the Energizer with the earth stake and simply attach it securely to the stake.
Here, you have to use some screws or a mounting mechanism. Generally, the charger pack comes with those additional screws and a mounting mechanism. If it doesn’t contain those tools, you have to buy them separately. In that case, the user manual will guide you on what else to buy for mounting the charger. However, make sure that the charger unit is tightly fastened and stable.
Step 5: Attach the Fence Leadset
You are near to completing the process. and it is time to attach the fence lead set with the charger unit. Generally, the fence lead set is a cable that connects the Energizer to the electric fence wires. Here, you have to locate the terminal or connector points on the Energizer.
It will most probably be labeled as “Fence” or “Output.” Now, connect the positive and negative leads of the fence lead set to the corresponding terminals. In those cases, it is better to follow the manufacturer’s instructions for proper connection. It’s because different fence chargers can have different interfaces and installation processes.
Once you have attached the fence lead set securely you need to attach the other part to the fence line. For that, simply, run the cable along the fence line, and ensure that it is well above the ground and there is no risk of potential damage or interference.
Step 6: Test the Fence Voltage
You’ve done hooking up the charger to the solar fence line. But you have a crucial thing to examine. Before releasing any livestock or animals near the electric fence, you need to test the fence voltage. You have to make sure that it is working properly and that it is providing the right level of electric shock.
For that, you can use a voltmeter or a specialized fence voltage tester. Just use the device to measure the voltage output at different points along the fence. In this case, you should follow the instructions provided by the tester to obtain accurate readings. However, the fence should have around 2000 to 5000 volts of electric energy.
Electric shock within this range of voltage is not harmful to livestock. But make sure that it is not more than 10000 V. If it is, the livestock or animal can instantly die as soon as it touches the fence. Also, you shouldn’t check the fence by touching it as it can be deadly.
However, if the voltage is within the desired range for your specific application, your solar power fence charger is properly hooked up and ready for use. But if it is not, Instally, remove the charger from the fence for security. And consult the manufacturer as the unit is not working properly because of some internal fault, perhaps. They will most probably replace it with a new one.
Things to Consider While Installing a Solar Power Fence
When hooking up a solar power fence charger, there are some important considerations you need to be aware of. Here are the things you need to consider:
Placement of the Solar Panel
Positioning the solar panel is the most crucial part you should check in this case. Remember to install the panel near the center of the fence line. It must be away from shadows or potential animal contact. In the southern hemisphere, you should face the panels north. And in the northern hemisphere, it is better to face the panels south.
It will maximize sunlight exposure and ensure that the panel can get enough solar energy. So, you should set the panels at an angle that optimizes sun exposure based on your latitude. You can also use a tilt angle equal to the latitude plus 10% or 15%. Also, make sure to adjust the tilt angle as necessary throughout the year for maximum efficiency.
Clean the Panel Regularly
While hooking up the charger, you need to clean it for sure. But it is not the end. This device requires regular maintenance and it’s important to clean the panel regularly to ensure the best performance. Otherwise, it may not get enough sunlight because of the dirt on the panel.
Buying the Appropriate Solar Fence Charger
It is another important thing you need to ensure as not all the chargers are suitable for your fence. In this case, you need to check the following factors
- Check the power output requirements based on the length of the fence and the type of animals to be contained
- Examine the capacity of the battery included with the charger and make sure it is capable of storing enough energy for the fence.
- Choose higher-efficiency panels that can generate more power with less surface area.
- Ensure that the charger is designed to withstand outdoor conditions and is resistant to water, dust, and other environmental factors
- Look for a charger that offers adjustable pulse settings so that you can customize the intensity of the electric shock
Maintaining the Wiring Sequence While Hooking up the Unit
While hooking up the charger, you need to connect the solar panel to the battery first. And after that, you can connect the energizer to the battery. The entire process may not be successful if you don’t follow the sequence of wiring in this case. Also, avoid connecting the energizer directly to the solar panel.
What direction is suitable for facing the solar fence charger?
You should face the energizer in the panel facing south if you are in the northern hemisphere and in the panel facing north if you are in the southern hemisphere. You just need to make sure that the panel gets enough sun exposure.
Frequently Asked Questions
Is a solar fence charger AC or DC?
Usually, solar fence chargers absorb energy from a DC battery. And it should be 4, 6, or 12 volts. However, the function and voltage range can be carried according to the function of the charger unit.
How many volts does a solar electric fence get?
Usually, a solar electric fence has 2000 to 8000V. The voltage should provide an electric shock that is not high enough to hurt the animal badly and also, it has to be powerful enough to prevent the animal from crossing it.
As you’ve seen, hooking up a solar fence charger is not a different task and all you need is to follow the steps sequentially and the useful equipment. Here, make sure to buy the right charger unit for the face and set it in the right place. You need to ensure that the panel gets enough sun exposure. That’s all.
However, if you have any more inquiries about how to hook up a solar fence charge, please let us know. We will try our best to solve your confusion. Thanks for your time.